All the competent public administrations, bodies, and territorial offices are involved to various extents, each for their areas of competence, to express opinions and evaluations on the technical, design and strategic content defined in the Master Plan and the related Environmental Impact Study.
All the expressed and formalized opinions contribute to outlining the overall picture of the assessments that will be used by the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, which are officially appointed to decide on the project’s environmental acceptability and to formulate a definitive assessment on the airport development plan’s compatibility.
The authorization procedure for projects of such complexity and scope also provides for individual citizens to express themselves on the merits and content of the Plan.
The bodies and institutions participating in the evaluation process are listed below (click on the name for more information).
The Italian Ministry of the Environment and Protection of Land and Sea, known as IMELS, is the body of the Italian Government responsible for implementing environmental policy.
The Ministry assesses the environmental compatibility of the Master Plan 2021 by activating an administrative and technical procedure called Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which is a support procedure for the decision-making authority for identifying, describing and evaluating the environmental impacts of implementing a particular project.
In the EIA procedure, the environmental compatibility assessment of a particular project is carried out by the Public Administration, which bases its work on the information provided by the project proposer (ENAC, the National Civil Aviation Agency), the advice given by other Public Administration bodies, and on the participation of individuals and social groups. According to Italian regulations, the EIA includes:
c) the announcement and publication of the project;
d) the consultations;
e) the assessment of the environmental study and the outcome of the consultations;
f) the decision;
g) the information report on the decision;
h) the environmental monitoring.
The EIS (Environmental Impact Study) is the main EIA tool that provides the technical elements of the work's environmental impact that are relevant for assessing its compatibility with the environmental context. EIS's content typically includes environmental indicators, thematic maps, maps including design- and auxiliary works, sketches, photos and graphic representations of the site before and after the works.
EIS normally makes use of various techniques to organize information and give a hierarchic reporting structure, using such methods as lists, matrices, diagrams and so on. Experts are normally consulted to draft EIS's most specialized parts and evaluate their content. Public consultations complete expert judgements to inclusively evaluate the compatibility of the project under consideration.
EIA's decisions are mainly based on EIS's content and comments received. If EIS is found to be inadequate, integrations are required. Within the terms defined by regulations, the competent authority shall decide on the environmental compatibility of the submitted project. Any favourable opinion contains, among other things, the recommendations needed to mitigate the environmental impacts. Decisions on environmental compatibility and information on the project must be publicized and published by the proposer on newspapers, bulletins and official bodies of the administrations.
The Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, and Tourism, known also as MiBAC, is the Italian governmental ministry responsible for protecting and promoting culture and entertainment, and preserving artistic heritage, and for policies related to tourism.
Within the EIA procedure, MiBAC is involved with all aspects of landscape, culture, architecture and archaeological significance, and is the only body, in liaison with IMELS, appointed to express the environmental compatibility of projects subjected to EIA procedure.
MiBAC performs its project evaluation work by resorting to the Superintendence of Venice and the Superintendence of the Province of Venice to assess the architectural and landscape impacts, and to the Superintendence of Padua to assess the archaeological interest.
Pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 383 of 18 April 1994, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport (MIT) verifies the conformity of state-represented urban and building plans.
The MIT and the Veneto Region, through the Services Conference (which involves all relevant bodies and administrations), give their opinion on the final project design by verifying its compliance with regulations and urban plans in force after the environmental compatibility is completed and obtained.
The National Civil Aviation Agency (ENAC) is the Italian authority for technical regulation, certification and supervision in civil aviation, under the supervision of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport. It is a non-economic public entity having regulatory, organizational, administrative, patrimonial, accounting, and financial autonomy.
As airport sector regulatory and control body, ENAC formally proposes the Master Plan to the IMELS.
The Veneto Region, as well as all the other Bodies and Administrations involved, participates in the evaluation process of the Master Plan and its EIS to provide IMELS with its advisory opinion.
To carry out an evaluation of the Master Plan and its EIS, the Region carries out an internal EIA procedure involving its own agency, or Technical Commission, and the local control and environmental-monitoring agencies such as the Regional Environmental Protection Agency (www.arpa.veneto.it).
The water-management consortium Consorzio di Bonifica Acque Risorgive was established with resolution of Veneto Regional Council No. 1408 of 19 May 2009. The consortium is a body of public economic law pursuant to Article 59 of Royal Decree No. 215 of 13 February 1933 and Article 3 of Regional Law of 8 May 2009.
The Consortium carries out the functions and duties assigned to it by state and regional laws, with particular reference to land reclamation and irrigation, soil and environment protection, water-quality safeguarding and reservoirs management.
Its tasks include:
- the supervision of works of land reclamation, and works relating to natural public watercourses that are integral to land reclamation and irrigation systems and any other public works of interest in the area, including the completion, functional completion and expansion of works of irrigation and of water storage, which also function as protection against flooding, water supply and distribution for multiple uses, those for groundwater restoring and for controlling and safeguarding the quality and quantity of surface watercourses, as well as the restoration, adaptation and modernization of existing water and irrigation works under the jurisdiction of the State, the Region or other licensed territorial bodies;
- in collaboration with the public and private entities involved, the reuse of waste water coming from the purification and depollution of water, cooperating to complete purification;
- the coordination of local initiatives on water drainage, the creation of detention basins, the management of water resources, the implementation of buffer zones and ecological corridors, also in terms of company and inter-company works, possibly also taking care of the design and works supervision;
- any other action for the protection of the ground, the safeguarding of the environment, and the protection and multiple use of water;
Since a large part of the works envisaged in the Master Plan 2021 are works of consolidation and redevelopment of the drainage and treatment system of the rainwater, as competent body in the matter, the Consortium is called upon to give its opinion on the administrative and technical evaluations that the various bodies are required to formulate prior to the Master Plan's environmental approval.
Local institutions such as the Province of Venice (www.provincia.venezia.it), the Municipality of Venice (www.comune.venezia.it), the Municipality of Marcon (www.comune.marcon.ve.it), the Municipality of Quarto d'Altino (www.comune.quartodaltino.ve.it), and all the municipalities most directly involved, participate in the evaluation process of the Master Plan through their technical and administrative offices with the aim of providing the Ministry of the Environment their opinions.
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